The electricity produced from nuclear energy provides an efficient and sustainable response to the continued growth in demand for electricity, global warming and the depletion of fossil resources. It complements thermal, hydro-electric and new energy sources.
With 73 reactors in operation in France and the United Kingdom, the Group is the world's no. 1 nuclear operator.
Its production in France covered 74.8% of the country's electricity supply in 2012. In the United Kingdom, the British fleet's performance was its best in eight years, with a production of 60.5 TWh. The Group is also joint-
owner of five reactors in the United States, through Constellation Energy Nuclear Group (CENG).
Nuclear safety is defined as "all measures related to the design, construction, operation, shutdown, and dismantling of basic nuclear installations, as well as the transport of radioactive substances, taken with a view to preventing accidents and limiting their effects" (definition extracted from "TSN" French law ).
At EDF, we pay strict attention to all aspects of these measures, right from the design stage all the way through to installation. We integrate them during construction and work constantly to optimize them in their application during the operating, maintenance and dismantling phases.
The nuclear power plants have been designed to operate for at least 40 years. On 31 December 2012 the average age of our generating units was 27 years. All of the 58 nuclear plant units that operate using pressurized water reactors are spread across 19 sites. Every 10 years the Nuclear Safety Authority performs a full inspection of the installations before authorizing them to operate for a further 10 years.
Each EDF Group company had previously put in place its own safety policy. Each one, beyond compliance with national laws and regulations, has implemented long-term adapted programs to continuously improve its safety performance.The aim of EDF Group is so to encourage this attitude and to reinforce it by using all possible synergies within the Group in the framework of its common nuclear safety policy.
In 2012, the EDF Group filed a report entitled "Nuclear Safety, Our Top Priority" in order to be included in the FTSE4Good index. Its listing was validated once again in March 2014.
As part of its preparations for the future, EDF is developing a new type of reactor - the EPR (Evolutionary Power Reactor) - which will play a key role in the Group's international development. Its advanced technology offers improvements in the areas of safety, environmental protection and economic performance. It is an essential step in preparation for the renovation of the EDF nuclear power plant.
EDF Group is building three EPR worlwide, one at Flamanville 3 (1,650 MW ) in France, the other two in a joint venture with CGNPC at Taishan in China. EDF has plans to build up to two EPR-type nuclear reactors at Hinkley Point (United Kingdom).
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